Article 8318

Title of the article

FEATURES OF INJURIES CAUSED BY NONLETHAL AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENTS
IN CHILDREN PEDESTRIANS OF DIFFERENT AGE 

Authors

Savenkova Ekaterina Nikolaevna, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of forensic medicine named after M. I. Raysky, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: savocheka@mail.ru
Efimov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, head of sub-department of forensic medicine named after M. I. Raysky, Saratov State Medical University named after V. I. Razumovsky (112 Bolshaya Kazachya street, Saratov, Russia), E-mail: sudmedsar@mail.ru
Semina Mariya Nikolaevna, Senior lecturer, sub-department of clinical morphology and forensic medicine with a course of oncology, Medical Institute, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: mariysemina@gmail.com 

Index UDK

340.624.3:616-001:656.13]-053.2(045) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2018-3-8 

Abstract

Background. The article analyzes the features of injuries caused by automobile accidents in children pedestrians of different age groups.
Materials and methods. The authors carried out a retrospective analysis of medical documents of 170 children who had had automobile traumas from impact with cars and after there had undergone treatment in the children’s surgical clinic of Saratov State Medical University from 2006 to 2016.
Results. It is established that damages of the head and the lower limbs are the most frequent in all age groups. In children of 6-10 years old prevails the severe craniocereberal injury with fractures of skull bones and brain bruises. The age features of injuries of the lower limbs are related to the height of bone fractures: fractures shift to lower limbs with age. The quantity of bone fractures of upper limbs also increases with age. The torso injury in 3-6-years-old children was not observed, in the 6-10-years-old - was presented mainly by internal injuries, and in the 10-15-years-old - fractures of bones. The quantity of traumatic shock complications increases with age.
Conclusions. It is established that the age of children affects the features of injuries suffered at automobile accidents. 

Key words

automobile accident, children, pedestrian 

Download PDF
References

1. Ofitsial'nyy sayt Gosavtoinspektsii MVD Rossii [Official site of the Traffic Police of the MIA of Russia]. Available at: http://www.gibdd.ru/stat/ (accessed Apr. 06, 2018).
2. Savenkova E. N., Efimov A. A. Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza [Forensic medical examination]. 2017, no. 60 (6), pp. 13–17.
3. Karavaev V. M., Levanovich V. V., Aleksandrovich Yu. S., Pshenisnov K. V. Skoraya meditsinskaya pomoshch' [Emergency aid]. 2013, no. 14 (2), pp. 37–43.
4. Kaysarov I. G., Kalinina E. Yu., Yakubova T. M. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern problems of science and education]. 2015, no. 3, p. 149. Available at: https://science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=19629 (accessed Mar. 30, 2018).
5. Savenkova E. N., Efimov A. A., Alekseev Yu. D., Kupryushin A. S. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Meditsinskie nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Medical sciences]. 2017, no. 3 (43), pp. 57–65.
6. Suvorov S. G., Lekmanov A. U., Rozinov V. M. Meditsinskiy alfavit [Medical alphabet]. 2010, no. 17 (4), pp. 5–11.
7. Keshishyan R. A. Voprosy sovremennoy pediatrii [Issues of modern pediatrics]. 2009, no. 8 (4), pp. 18–22.
8. Popov V. L., Karavaev V. M. Sudebno-meditsinskaya ekspertiza [Forensic medical examination]. 2012, no. 55 (4), pp. 4–9.
9. Savenkova E. N., Efimov A. A., Semizhonova V. N., Kupryushin A. S. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Meditsinskie nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Medical sciences]. 2014, no. 3 (31), pp. 127–134.
10. Suvorov S. G., Rozinov V. M. Meditsina katastrof [Disaster medicine]. 2014, no. 4, pp. 11–14.

 

Дата создания: 26.03.2019 12:29
Дата обновления: 26.03.2019 13:52